The Final Showdown for Crypto Supremacy


Final month, Fb rocked the world with its blockbuster Libra announcement. Even a 12 months in the past, the concept that an iconic United States firm would launch a digital foreign money or {that a} sitting president would tweet about it appeared insane. 

Welcome to the brand new regular.

The Libra announcement despatched politicians scrambling, hit the mainstream media like a hurricane, and left many crypto influencers questioning if the social community large simply turned 90% of altcoins nugatory. What tiny crypto undertaking with a couple of dozen programmers can stand towards the mixed may of not simply Fb but in addition the titans of the tech and payment processing world, comparable to Uber, Lyft, Paypal, Visa and Mastercard?

However there’s a brand new hope on the horizon. One firm on the planet has the facility to tackle the social media monster and win: Telegram.   

If Libra is the Empire Strikes Again, Telegram is A New Hope

Whereas Fb has 1.eight billion customers, Telegram raised $1.7 billion.

Whereas Fb has the unwashed lots who’ve by no means held a Bitcoin, Telegram has the whole crypto neighborhood that lives and breathes altcoins for breakfast.

Whereas Mark Zuckerberg is the poster little one for the web as a surveillance financial system, Pavel Durov, the founding father of Telegram, is a fight-the-power renegade, with digital privateness being a spotlight all through his profession.

Whereas Zuckerburg appears to be like like somebody doing a nasty impression of Knowledge from Star Trek, Durov appears to be like like he just stepped off the stage of Magic Mike.

In case you’re a pioneering member of the crypto neighborhood, you might need seemed with scorn on the Telegram fundraiser, which beat the preliminary coin providing regulatory backlash by elevating all of its cash from non-public accredited buyers, fairly than crowdsourcing it from the individuals. Possibly you solely learn the short Telegram white paper that appears and reads extra like slick advertising than an in depth deep dive?

You must take a better look.

The Darkish Knight Rises

The extra you look, the extra you understand there’s so much to root for should you’re eager for a reputable high contender to tackle Libra — i.e., the nightmare of cyberpunks.  

Begin with Pavel Durov.  

The person constructed two profitable corporations, together with VKontakte (aka VK), a Fb-equivalent that's particularly widespread in Russia, and he adopted that up with Telegram. Meaning he is aware of the way to construct actual, working, scalable platforms when most crypto tasks can’t even get their testnets off the bottom. He’s additionally an antihero and iconoclast with a philosophy of radical individualism and self-sovereignty that matches the cypherpunk ethos that launched Bitcoin and a thousand different crypto ships. 

Even higher, he backs that philosophy up with motion.  

Presently, Fb faces a $5 billion fine from the Federal Trade Commission for safeguarding customers’ knowledge the best way the mob “protects” small companies. Durov, however, refused to create a backdoor to Telegram when the Russian Supreme Courtroom demanded it — and at the same time as American corporations like Apple, which usually stand powerful on privateness, caved and yanked Telegram from the app retailer. Whereas Zuckerberg constructed his firm on surveillance as a enterprise mannequin, Durov constructed his firm on privateness. 

In case you solely skimmed the transient white paper for TON, you might need missed that Durov isn’t alone. He is backed by a bevy of math geniuses and hardcore programmers, who began coding in diapers and gained strings of gold medals on the International Math Olympiad whilst you had been watching Saturday morning cartoons. A kind of of us is Pavel's brother Nikolai Durov, chief expertise officer of Telegram, who solved cubic equations on the age of eight, began coding at 9 and wrote his first working system at 13 — in assembly language.  

Nikolai Durov additionally wrote the for much longer and extra complete technical white paper, which weighs in at a whopping 132 pages. It’s a dense, complicated and bold define for the brand new Telegram Open Community (TON) platform. Nonetheless, some have bashed it as a fantasy for promising a sci-fi utopia that solves each single drawback in crypto. 

It’s not the primary time Telegram confronted criticism for its architectural decisions, with Gizmodo’s William Turton as soon as writing an article with the headline “Why You Ought to Cease Utilizing Telegram Proper Now.” The article hits Telegram arduous for selecting client-server encryption as a substitute of end-to-end encryption by default. Despite the fact that Telegram defends its choice of architecture, because it offers individuals one of the best of each worlds with the choice of secret chats, the criticism continues to canine the corporate to this present day.

Some redditors even panned the white paper as nothing however a bunch of buzzwords and hand-waving.

However learn by way of it intently and also you’ll understand that, if Telegram pulls off even 1 / 4 of what's  proposed, it may show revolutionary.  

If it really works, TON will clear up the problems surrounding scaling, storage and decentralized identity in addition to shield the platform towards fixed assault from hostile powers. Sure, the paper is a seize bag of concepts — a few of them distinctive and a few taking inspiration from a large spectrum of sources — however constructing on different individuals’s good concepts isn’t a nasty factor, it’s a advantage.  

It’s solely an issue for individuals affected by not-invented-here syndrome, a debilitating psychological illness that makes individuals suppose they've all of the solutions and that no person else has any thought price doing.  

Whereas Libra’s white paper ceaselessly drops the time period Blockchain — a complete of 40 occasions within the 26-page textual content — apparently in an try to stretch its which means far sufficient so {that a} “cryptographically authenticated database” can be referred to as one,  the TON workforce is aware of the distinction between a blockchain and a gap within the wall. It's trying to ship a massively sharded and scalable system that sends and receives not solely cash, however encrypted messages and a killer sticker assortment that makes the emojis from WhatsApp’s messenger appear to be ASCII artwork. It desires to do all that whereas enabling strong peer-to-peer encrypted storage in your essential paperwork and even allows for decentralized virtual private networks

Whereas Fb soaks up the punishment and stress from hysterical governments and politicians who say with a straight face that they’re frightened that Libra’s pockets — which is compliant with Know Your Buyer and Anti-Cash Laundering legal guidelines — can be utilized for “terrorism,” Telegram’s workforce correctly stays out of the highlight, similar to Satoshi Nakamoto did with Bitcoin. If you wish to construct a platform in peace, it's higher to do your work in non-public and never draw the eye of publicity-seeking politicians making an attempt to get reelected in battleground states.

Governments love chopping off the pinnacle of the snake. In case you don’t give them a head to chop off, then they don’t know the place to strike.

However even with all that going for them, does Telegram have the facility to construct a real platform for e-commerce and the decentralized functions of tomorrow? Can it stand towards the titanic forces behind Fb's nascent digital foreign money and the masters of the e-commerce universe backing it? 

That's the trillion greenback query, because the platforms that win the day may find yourself controlling an enormous chunk of the world financial system and will make or break nations, corporations and folks. With a lot at stake, it’s going to be a battle.

The Man within the Area

To win, it should take a hero.  

The may of the world’s old-guard is almost absolute. Nation states print cash, and printing cash is the facility of God.  

To interrupt the stranglehold, it's essential construct an ideal platform: one which’s simple to make use of, scales massively and is unimaginable to carry down — a Hydra with a thousand regenerating heads. It will need to have all of the options of the outdated monetary system and new ones that no person can resist. It’s bought to usher in individuals and companies with ease in order that it grows too large to fail.  

The age of surveillance capitalism is upon us, and it’s rising stronger on daily basis. It’s a dragon that’s eaten the world.

Fb is the dragon’s head.  

If there’s something that may carry that dragon crashing from the skies, the early odds go to Telegram. 

Whereas Libra can and can leverage Fb’s 1.7 billion customers to quickly speed up adoption, Telegram’s consumer base of over 200 million people is a rising power in its personal proper.

And even with fewer customers, Telegram has one main benefit: Most Fb customers wouldn’t know a Bitcoin from a on line casino chip. Alternatively, Telegram is well-known for its vibrant, technically savvy neighborhood — together with a lot of the world’s crypto-faithful, who host their consumer teams and do their day-to-day enterprise there.  

Meaning if TON drops a bunch of cash in its Telegram-attached pockets, an even bigger proportion of these customers will most likely know the way to spend, save and ship that cash, whereas Fb’s customers may begin ringing the assist traces, questioning the way to reset the password on their non-public key.

That’s to not say Telegram’s workforce is ideal by any means. It has confronted intense criticism for a hand-waving white paper that guarantees a lot with out telling individuals precisely the way it will work. Past that, there has mostly been radio silence from the team since its mega ICO. There's a private beta, but it surely’s closed to the broader public for now. In the long run, the undertaking may show too bold even for a proficient workforce with a whole lot of capital readily available.  

The corporate can be operating out of time to ship. If its workforce goes to succeed, it must step up now. The stakes have by no means been larger. Individuals willingly sacrifice privateness for comfort with out a second thought. The unique crypto dream of self-sovereignty is slowing warping right into a terrifying Black Mirror episode, through which blockchains don’t allow privateness however fairly ubiquitous surveillance on an unprecedented scale. Blockchain analytic instruments peer deeply into transactions, and the SEC is looking for teams and tools devoted to blockchain evaluation. Fb will fortunately give third events that comfort and a two-way mirror into all of our lives.

Telegram may not be the hero we anticipated — and even the one we wished — however it could be our final, finest hope for a future that doesn’t flip right into a dystopian nightmare of panopticoins.  

The crypto revolution began idealistically with a twinkle in Satoshi’s eye. There’s at all times a sure naivety in revolutions. You need to be loopy to tackle entrenched adversaries. The kings of the world have the cash, the weapons and the authorized hammers, they usually’re prepared to make use of them in any respect prices to maintain a agency grip on the royal scepter.

However some revolutions discover a method..

Daniel Jeffries is an creator, futurist and thinker. He is written 4 science fiction novels, and he wrote his first story about Bitcoin in 2014 for Bitcoin Journal, when a younger author named Vitalik Buterin was planning a bit of thought referred to as Ethereum on the writers' Skype channel.

The views, ideas and opinions expressed listed below are the authors alone and don't essentially mirror or characterize the views and opinions of Cointelegraph.



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